There were hundreds of foreign observers to watch Afghans go to the polls on August 20. Both UN officials and a European Union delegation were assigned months ago to make sure it would be a creditable election. In fact, for the US and its NATO partners, most of this year has been taken up with preparing for the elections and trying to ensure sufficient security for them. Yet the entire Western community in Afghanistan was caught napping by the widespread fraud. How could the rigging have happened?
Read the article in NYRB